ARE blue eyes bad? Well….no. Blue eyes aren’t bad. As a matter of fact, I prescribe contact lenses frequently that change people’s eye color to blue (cosmetically). The real question is, do blue eyes make you more at risk for eye disease? The answer to that question, unfortunately, is yes.
People who have light-colored eyes have less pigment in their iris. This allows more UV light to enter the eye because there’s not enough pigment to absorb it. The same is true for the retina and especially the macula. Less pigment means less absorption of UV by pigment which means more ability for the UV light to damage ocular tissue. This increased exposure to UV light is the reason light-eyed people are more at risk for cataracts and macular degeneration. It’s the same reason fair skinned individuals are more at risk for skin cancer.
To reduce your risks, ALWAYS wear sunglasses outside during light hours. Make sure your sunglasses are UV protected, and preferably polarized. Vitamins can help as well. Lutien and zeazanthin have shown significant protective benefits to the eye.
In the following weeks, I will share more ways to reduce macular degeneration and other eye health risks.